Energy efficiency improvement (EEI) actions can help to improve well-being, social cohesion and productivity.
Poor housing quality matched with ever-rising energy utility prices and stagnant or decreasing income result in a form of social deprivation called energy or fuel poverty. Indoor air pollution, dampness and indoor temperature are three parameters affecting the quality of housing and, as a result, also human health. Thermal comfort is the biggest driver of health-related co-benefits of energy efficiency improvement actions. By adopting energy efficiency-based welfare policies, governments could reduce energy poverty and various related negative manifestations, such as ill health.
Energy efficiency improvement actions implemented in commercial and industrial spaces can contribute to increasing worker productivity via increased thermal comfort, improved work conditions, and improved indoor air quality.
A modal shift in passenger transportation can lead to improved human health mainly due to an increase in physical activity. Replacement of short car trips by active modes of transport, walking and cycling, can provide for the necessary amount of daily physical activity ensuring physical and mental well-being. Accompanying public policies are needed to reduce the risks related to increased air pollution exposure and traffic accidents.
These effects will be quantified within COMBI at the European level.